four climatic zones of pakistan

5 Derived long-term storage conditions in 1996 Climatic zone oC%RH I21 45 II 25 60 III 30 35 IV 30 70. The temperature is also more uniform in Karachi than in Islamabad, ranging from an average daily low of 13 °C during winter evenings to an average daily high of 34 °C on summer days. In Islamabad, there are cold winds from the north of Pakistan.[2]. ii. 5ºC ± 3ºC. Climatic zones 3. Climatic zones of Pakistan - View presentation slides online. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. These generalizations should not, however, obscure the distinct differences existing among particular locations. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Pakistan is a sub-tropical country. BBSS--EEnnvviirroonnmmeennttaall SScciieenncceess Sometimes, still broader definitions are applied to agro-ecological zones, to encompass several soil mapping units or climatic zones with similar, but not identical, properties. Rainfall Trends in Different Climate Zones of Pakistan Vol. However tornadoes mostly occur during spring season that is March and April usually when a Western Disturbance starts effecting the northern parts of the country. 1. Some of the areas in the north of Pakistan is warm and mist, whereas the mountainous area have highland type climate. No Humidity. It has long summers and mild to cool winters and in summer temperature ranges between 30-40 Celsius. These were the climatic regions of Pakistan. Before that it killed 213 people in Karachi on its way to Balochistan. 30ºC ± 2ºC. The drought of 1998-2002 is considered the worst drought in 50 years. Climatic Zones of Pakistan Pakistan extends from 24° N to about 37° N. Its western border lies close to 62°E, its northeastern border extends to about 74○E, while Kashmir extends to 80° E. To the north of West Pakistan lie the lofty mountainous ranges of the Pir … 12 Months . i. temperate climate ≤15 o c / 11 hpa. At least 1.7 million acres of arable land has been inundated as a result of the flooding. 55tthh SSeemmeesstteerr Pakistan recorded one of the highest temperatures in the world, 53.7 °C (128.66 °F) on 28 May 2017, the hottest temperature ever recorded in Pakistan and also the second hottest measured temperature ever recorded in Asia. Have you ever wondered why some part of the world is a desert and some parts have a lot of rainforests. Due to the topographical diversity, Pakistan experiences a variety of climate. Karachi coast climate is very moderate … climatic zones • Zone I temperate • Zone II subtropical, with possible high humidity • Zone III hot/dry • Zone IV hot/humid Ref: Grimm, W., Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy (1993) 19:2795-2830. Pakistan's climate is a continental type of climate, characterized by extreme variations in temperature, both seasonally and daily, because it is located on a great landmass north of the Tropic of Cancer (between latitudes 25° and 36° N). The moisture limits for different climatic zones on broad scale are given as follows. It was not only the hottest temperature ever recorded in Pakistan but also the second verified hottest temperature ever recorded in Asia [3] and the fourth highest temperature ever recorded on earth. Climate. Pakistan has four different season,so it has different climatic condition to the year Why are there more than 1 natural regions in Pakistan? Thus keeping in view the various climatic factors Pakistan can be divided into the following climatic regions: 1. It is divided in Punjab and Sindh. Precipitation in Pakistan averaged 25.03 mm from 1901 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 170.66 mm in August of 1916 and a record low of 0.15 mm in December of 2014. BOX 1. Refrigerated. The country is essentially arid except for the southern slopes of the Himalayas and the sub-mountainous tract where the annual rainfall varies between 760 and 1270 mm. Effects of climate Drought in Pakistan Effects of drought Tropical cyclones Relief rainfall River floods Drought is a hazard of nature. The climate is generally arid, characterized by hot summers and cool or cold winters, and wide variations between extremes of temperature at given locations. Pakistan is divided into following regions on the basis of its climate. [7] One month later, the data had been updated to reveal 1,781 deaths, 2,966 people with injuries, and more than 1.89 million homes destroyed. Although the summer temperatures do not get as high as those in Punjab, the high humidity causes the residents a great deal of discomfort. Very high altitudes modify the climate in the cold, snow-covered northern mountains; temperatures on the Balochistan plateau are somewhat higher. Very high altitudes modify the climate in the cold, snow-covered northern mountains; temperatures on the Balochistan plateau are somewhat higher. Pakistan is situated in the north of tropic of cancer. Trees shed their leaves to avoid loss of moisture. Pakistan is a sub-tropical country. It is also speculated that cycles of tornado years may be correlated to the periods of reduced tropical cyclone activity. The highest temperature ever recorded in Pakistan is 53.7 °C (128.66 °F), in Turbat, Balochistan on 28 May 2017. subtropical and mediterranean climate. Climate of a country is based on a long study of its weather conditions. Minimum Duration. Coastal Climatic Zone. Ankur Choudhary Print Question Forum 10 comments The climate is different in all the countries in the world. The survey terms it as the worst drought in the history of the country. Four zones introduced from humid to dry. The highest rainfall of 620 millimetres (24 in) was recorded in Islamabad during 24 hours on 24 July 2001. 65% rH ± 5% rH. Home; About; Made By; Leave a reply. The moisture-indicator has been calculated with available climatic data for more than 50 stations in Pakistan. Climate and weather 2. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. [14], Climate change in Pakistan is expected to cause wide-ranging effects on the environment and people in Pakistan. The country is essentially arid except for the southern slopes of the Himalayas and the sub-mountainous tract where the annual rainfall varies between 760 and 1270 mm. [13] Sindh is a fertile region and often called the "breadbasket" of the country; the damage and toll of the floods on the local agrarian economy is said to be extensive. Agro ecological Zoning Zone and Cell . The sub-tropical regions are present in the North-west of Pakistan.The rainfall average in summer is 95mm and in winter it is 63-95 mm. criteria. [11], The 2011 Sindh floods began during the monsoon season in mid-August 2011, resulting from heavy monsoon rains in Sindh, Eastern Balochistan, and Southern Punjab. You can change your ad preferences anytime. classification of climatic zones. Frozen-15ºC ± 5ºC. Agro ecological zones In Pakistan By Allah Dad Khan, PMAS Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Pakistan, No public clipboards found for this slide. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Pakistan's climate is a continental type of climate, characterized by extreme variations in temperature, both seasonally and daily, because it is located on a great landmass north of the Tropic of Cancer (between latitudes 25° and 36° N).. Leave a reply. 25ºC ± 2ºC. Collections. [12] The floods have caused considerable damage; an estimated 270 civilians have been killed, with 5.3 million people and 1.2 million homes affected. This area has humid sub-Tropical climate. Winters are cold, with minimum mean temperatures in Punjab of about 4 °C (39 °F) in January, and sub-zero temperatures in the far north and Balochistan. Karachi has little rain. Pakistan Weather, climate and geography Weather and climate Best time to visit. Pakistan is divided into four following regions: 1) Sub tropical Continental Highland.2) Sub Tropical Continental Plateau.3) Sub Tropical Continental Lowland.4) Tropical Coast land. Examples of sub-tropical climate are the cities of Quetta, Kalat, Zhob, Pashin and Waziristan area. The land usually is low lying and near to the river. Pakistan has three seasons: winter (November to March) is warm and cooled by sea breezes on the coast; summer (April to July) has extreme temperatures and the monsoon season (July to September) has the highest rainfall on the hills. 1 High land climate zone (include all the mountain regions of Pakistan western and northern mountain) 2 low land climatic zone (include all the plain areas of Pakistan which include whole of Indus plain except Indus delta) 3 arid climate zone (this zone include all the south eastern deserts like Cholistan, Nara and Tharparker) 4 coastal climate zone (include whole of coastal stripe from Makran coast to Karachi … Diiferent climatic zones of pakistan Menu Skip to content. The record-breaking rain fell in just 10 hours. Climate Regions of Pakistan Depending on the topography, there is an extreme variation in the temperature of Pakistan. Pakistan has seen many floods, the worst and most destructive is the recent 2010 Pakistan floods, other floods which caused destruction in the history of Pakistan, include the flood of 1950, which killed 2910 people; on 1 July 1977 heavy rains and flooding in Karachi, killed 248 people, according to Pakistan meteorological department 207 millimetres (8.1 in) of rain fell in 24 hours. AbdulRauf, Inam Memon, Dheeraj Kumar and Ghulam Mustafa (IX-D) This entry was posted in Uncategorized on January 16, 2014 by climaticzones. Pakistan is situated in the north of tropic of cancer. Home; About; Lowland Climatic zones. 2010 July floods swept 20% of Pakistan's land, the flood is the result of unprecedented Monsoon rains which lasted from 28 July to 31 July 2010. Climatic Zones. Humidity. [9][10] The flood is considered as worst in Pakistan's history affecting people of all four provinces and Gilgit–Baltistan and Azad Kashmir region of Pakistan. 30ºC ± 2ºC. Dans une grande partie du Pakistan le climat est tropical ou subtropical, semi-désertique ou désertique, mais dans le nord, il y a aussi : une zone assez pluvieuse au pied des montagnes, une zone froide de montagne, et une zone glaciale sur les sommets de l'Himalaya. climatic zone . Thus, within a relatively small area, it has the equivalent of many of the world’s most important climatic and vegetation zones or biomes. CCoonnsseerrvvaattiioonn SScciieenncceess Already, the massive droughts of 1998-2002 has stretched the coping abilities of the existing systems to the limit and it has barely been able to check the situation from becoming a catastrophe. Crop Water requirement of Pakistan calculated on annual as well as seasonal basis. Pakistan Climate Data. Between 1999 and 2018, Pakistan was ranked the 5th worst affected country in terms of extreme climate caused by climate change. In Pakistan humidity is mostly low and they air is dry for the greater part of the year. According to the government, 40 percent of the country's water needs went unmet.[4][5]. Temperature. 12 Months. Pakistan has some of the world’s highest cold areas and numerous intermediate stages. The publications shown below contain climatological and other geophysical data for Pakistan. SSaaaadd FFaarrooooqqii Following are the main factors that influence the weather over Pakistan. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Areas: Chitral, Murree, Muzzafarabad, Drosh, Quetta, Kalat, Parachinar, Waziristan Climate: the winters are long, cold and snowy and summers remain short and mild Rainfall is normally associated with altitude. Zone II. 60% rH ± 5% rH. The dry, hot weather is broken occasionally by dust storms and thunderstorms that temporarily lower the temperature. There is little rainfall. The drought has become a frequent phenomenon in the country. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. 15 to 22 o c / > 11 to 18 hpa. Hailstorms are common in the spring. There are lowlands, plateaus and coastal areas. Coastal zone is divided in two parts; the Makran coast and Karachi coast. 11 Four-Year Summary Analysis of Climate Expenditures in Development, Current, and Total Federal Development Budget 57 12 Climate Change Risks and Suggested Adaptation Technologies in the Agriculture Sector of Pakistan 63 13 Distribution of Uptake of Adaptation Strategies in Sindh and Punjab Agroclimatic Zones 64 14 Climate Change Risks and Suggested Adaptation Technologies in the Water … Depending on the topography, there is an extreme variation in the temperature of Pakistan. Along the coastal strip, the climate is modified by sea breeze. Pakistan condition . [1]. [6] In 1992 flooding during Monsoon season killed 1,834 people across the country, in 1993 flooding during Monsoon rains killed 3,084 people, in 2003 Sindh province was badly affected due to monsoon rains causing damages in billions, killed 178 people, while in 2007 Cyclone Yemyin submerged lower part of Balochistan Province in sea water killing 380 people. CLIMATIC REGIONS OF PAKISTAN INTRODUCTION. Coast and Geodetic Survey Heritage; Fisheries Heritage; NOAA Collections; NOAA Photo Library; Rare Books & Archival Materials; Weather And Climate; Pakistan Climatological Data. 21ºC ± 2ºC. 9 38 the country parallel to the Himalayan mountain range, and covering about 88% of the total area of the country. 12 Months. Zone I. Box 1 gives definitions of terms related to agro-ecological zoning. The climate in the capital city of Islamabad varies from an average daily low of 2 °C in January to an average daily high of 38 °C in June. 35% rH ± 5% rH. climatic classification of India and some parts of Africa, was employed, to classify various climatic features of Pakistan. The onset and duration of these seasons vary somewhat according to location. 1. This page includes a chart with historical data for Pakistan Average Precipitation. According to the Economic Survey of Pakistan, the drought was one of the most significant factors responsible for the less than anticipated growth performance. Pakistan has four seasons: a cool, dry winter from December through February; a hot, dry spring from March through May; the summer rainy season, or southwest monsoon period, from June through September; and the retreating monsoon period of October and November. Pakistan lies in the temperate zone. Pakistan has also been divided into different agro-ecological zones. Precipitation in Pakistan decreased to 6.35 mm in December from 8.79 mm in November of 2015. DDeeppaarrttmmeenntt ooff EEnnvviirroonnmmeennttaall AAnndd Lack of rainfall results in severe water shortages, which The remainder of the year has significantly less rain, amounting to about fifty millimeters per month. The northern and western parts consist of lofty mountains and hills. Diiferent climatic zones of pakistan Menu Skip to content. In addition to increased heat, drought and extreme weather conditions in some parts of the country, the melting of glaciers in the Himalayas threatens many of the most important rivers of Pakistan. In addition to increased heat and other extreme weather conditions and drought conditions in some parts of the country, the melting of glaciers in the Himalayas, threatens the volumetric flow rate of many of the most important rivers of Pakistan. UUnniivveerrssiittyy ooff SSwwaatt. Climatic elements 4. Climatic Zone. Only July and August average more than twenty-five millimeters of rain in the Karachi area; the remaining months are exceedingly dry. [8] The flood affected more than 20 million people exceeding the combined total of individuals affected by the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, the 2005 Kashmir earthquake and the 2010 Haiti earthquake. By mid-August, according to the governmental Federal Flood Commission (FFC), the floods had caused the deaths of at least 1,540 people, while 2,088 people had received injuries, 557,226 houses had been destroyed, and over 6 million people had been displaced. As a result of ongoing climate change, the climate of Pakistan has become increasingly volatile over the past several decades; this trend is expected to continue into the future. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Zone III. Climatic zones of Pakistan Highland Zone: Region: Northern, north western and western highlands. Pakistan's largest city, Karachi, which is also the country's industrial center, is more humid than Islamabad but gets less rain. In the rest of the country, temperatures reach great heights in the summer; the mean temperature during June is 38 °C (100 °F) in the plains, the highest temperatures can exceed 47 °C (117 °F). Know different climatic zones by ICH in the world for stability conditions including Temperate, Mediterranean / subtropical, Hot dry, Hot humid / tropical and hot & higher humidity zones. [13] The flooding has been described as the worst since the 2010 Pakistan floods, which devastated the entire country. This study has shown that Pakistan is divided into four broad distinct Precipitation effective Index climatic Zones; first is Rain forest (Wet) where PE index values are between 50 to 148, second is Forest (humid) where index values ranges between 10-49, third is partly forest (less humid) with index values ranging from 20-33 and fourth one is Arid (dry) having values which are less than 20. with reference to temperature and rainfall identify and explain the differences in the climatic zones of pakistan. During summer, hot winds called Loo blow across the plains during the day. climate chapter 45% rH ± 5% rH. It is situated in the western part of the monsoon region. The monsoon and the Western Disturbance are the two main factors which alter the weather over Pakistan; Continental air prevails for rest of the year. Ecological Zones of Pakistan: Section 9: Climate . [15], Highest temperature and rainfall ever recorded, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of extreme weather records in Pakistan, Tropical cyclones and tornadoes in Pakistan, "WMO verifies 3rd and 4th hottest temperature recorded on Earth", "Sorry, there has been a problem - 'assets/publication/9+sept/Drought/drought+coping+in+afghanistan.pdf' cannot be found - International Recovery Platform", "Pakistan Floods:The Deluge of Disaster - Facts & Figures as of 15 September 2010", "Floods affect 20m people – Pakistan PM Gilani", "Floods in Pakistan worse than tsunami, Haiti", "Pakistan floods: Oxfam launches emergency aid response", "Pakistan crafts plan to cut carbon emissions 30% by 2025", "Pakistan National Policy on Climate Change", "Pakistan, How the people of Pakistan live with climate change and what communication can do", Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 IGO (CC BY 3.0 IGO), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Climate_of_Pakistan&oldid=988003806, Articles needing additional references from February 2011, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 November 2020, at 14:26. Climate change is expected to cause wide reaching effects on Pakistan. Leave a reply. iii. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Half of the annual rainfall occurs in July and August, averaging about 255 millimeters in each of those two months. climatic zones are defined and given by who – world health organization in 2009. criteria for classification – mean annual temperature measured in open air, mean annual partial pressure of water. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. [13] Unprecedented torrential monsoon rains caused severe flooding in 16 districts of Sindh province. Climate of Pakistan 1. Pakistan is situated between the latitudes of 24° and 37° north and longitudes of 61° to 75° east, stretching over 1 600 kilometres from north to south and 885 kilometres from east to west, with a total area of 796 095 square kilometres. It consists of upper Indus plain and Lower Indus plain. It was the heaviest rainfall in Islamabad in the previous 100 years. Zone IVb. Cyclones form in the Arabian sea often results in strong winds and heavy rainfall in Pakistan's coastal areas. Only in coastal areas lied Karachi, there is enough amount of humidity throughout the year. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and North eastern Punjab were badly affected during the monsoon rains when dams, rivers and lakes overflowed. KEYWORDS IN AEZ . Pakistan has a vast latitudinal extent. Each year before the onset of monsoon that is 15 April to 15 July and also after its withdrawal that is 15 September to 15 December, there is always a distinct possibility of the cyclonic storm to develop in the north Arabian Sea. It has a subtropical and semi-arid climate. 12 Months. Chaudhary obtained a value of 13.3 cm for all Pakistan mean summer monsoon rainfall, which accounts for about 58.5% of the annual rainfall, based on the data during 1901-1990. 30ºC ± 2ºC. 75% rH ± 5% rH. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Evenings are cool; the daily variation in temperature may be as much as 11°C to 17°C. 12 Months. The weather extremes in Pakistan include high and low temperatures, heavy rainfall and flooding. Climatic Zones of Pakistan by Saad Farooqi. 12 Months. Rainfall in Northern Mountain is highest in the highland zone. Zone IV. Pakistan lies in between the tropics.

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