Rhus glabra, called smooth or white sumac, can be found in all 48 states of the continental US. There is significant variety in size and form in the genus, but Rhus glabra, smooth sumac, and Rhus typhina, staghorn sumac, are two of the larger forms that can be grown as small trees. The staghorn sumac commonly grows a few inches higher than the smooth sumac, but has few other apparent differences (Angier  1974: 224). I use smooth sumac which is similar to staghorn except the berries are smooth without the “hairs”. To be safe, DO NOT touch a Sumac unless you see the red berry clusters like in the included picture below. Don't transplant very little ones, or really large ones. Make sure you know what a Poison Sumac (Toxicodendron vernix) looks like. Winged Sumac, Rhus copallina , also bears dark red berries in an upright formation. ©Pacific Garden Design. It doesn't matter which one - the Staghorn or Smooth Sumac, as they are the same from an eating perspective. Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) range. Sumac is an excellent plant for naturalizing marginal areas, as it does well in extremely poor soils and is very drought tolerant. Sumac is one of the first plants to change, making it easy to identify along roadsides and in its native habitat. Smooth sumac and staghorn sumac are fantastic plants for four-season interest. Fall and winter are its real time to shine, though. These were found mid August, and are usually good right into late September.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'wildfoodshomegarden_com-leader-1','ezslot_8',109,'0','0'])); Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) growth early in the season. Much of it depends on where the trees are located! The berry clusters are beautiful to look at, and actually make a nice drink. Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) with drupe panicles (berry clusters) ready for harvest. To be safe, DO NOT touch a Sumac unless you see the red berry clusters like in the included picture below. Staghorn and smooth sumac have more than 13 leaflets, and the leaflets have a serrated edge. The twigs on poison sumac are smooth; those on staghorn sumac … Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra) early in the season. Keeps for a day or two without a problem. Though they are nearly identical in appearance and growing conditions, Rhus glabra is native across North America, including the Spokane region, while Rhus typhina is native only to the eastern half of the … Add some mulch around them each fall - leaves from the rest of the surrounding yard is a great way to get rid of them and mulch these. Both grow naturally as large, multi-stemmed shrubs forming large colonies, but a bit of yearly pruning will keep them trained into a tree form. multibeard Premium Member. Anacardiaceae Family: Staghorn sumac is a U.S. native, deciduous, large shrub to small tree that can attain a height of 30-35 feet. The fruit is fuzzy, starts green, and turns to red. Soil & Site: If you have alkaline soil, your better bet is the Smooth Sumac. It can often be seen on steep hills or along the roadside, as it is also resistant to erosion and pollution. This may not be reproduced in any form, in whole or in part, Because the foliage is massed towards the top of the plant, sumac can be complemented with low- to medium-height perennials and shrubs around it to provide a visual balance. In a residential landscape, a single-trunked tree will grow to about 15’ high with a slightly wider spread. Part sun, part shade would be best, but if no shade where they are transplanted to, cover them from direct mid-day sun after transplanting. Try to get as big diameter around the Sumac as possible. Staghorn Sumac is a popular ornamental shrub with red velvet like antlers that produce seeds that provide nice winter interest for landscapers and gardeners. (By: USDA). Put the pinkish red drink in a fridge to cool, or over ice to have right away. Sumacs are plants from the genus Rhus that grow around the world, with over a dozen true sumac species in North America. The Poison Sumac likes very damp or wet land. Staghorn Sumac's can grow up to 6 m high, 10 cm in diameter and 50 years old. Staghorn sumac bark is smooth, thin, dark gray, and the inner bark, which is slightly sweet to chew on, is light green. (By: Superior National Forest Attribution 2.0 Generic), Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra) drupe panicle (berry cluster). Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina) This shrub possesses hairy stem and branches, and jagged leaves. After the leaves drop, the seedheads persist through the winter, offering a bright spot of color as well as important food for wildlife. Most likely the one you transplant will be a root sucker from a larger one nearby, so cut that root as far from the one you are transplanting as you can. Tree-of-Heaven is on the left, and staghorn sumac is on the right. They like full sun, but can do fine if they spend some of the day in shade. The Poison Sumac has white, green or grey colored berries. All Rights Reserved. You have to either cut the hard shell without damaging the seed inside, or bring a pot of water to a boil, turn off, toss the seeds in, and leave until the water cools. Recipe search on the web here (Google search) and here (Bing search). In the fall the leaves turn a bright red. The Smooth Sumac and Shining Sumac are smooth both on the twigs and the fruits. Water well and keep wet for the first year if done in spring. However, I wanted the information to available to everyone free of charge, so I made this website. Staghorn Sumac - Rhus typhina is an attractive wood line plant with attractive fruits and a good orange fall color. (By: Aha GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2), Red deer stag velvet on antler. Using: When the Staghorn and Smooth Sumac berry clusters are ripe, pick two or three clusters off the plant, take home and remove the outer, healthy looking berries into a bowl, pour warm, but not boiling water over them. Smooth Sumac and Staghorn Sumac are common "roadside" plants in North America. In the Arabic and Islamic world, Iran is a major exporter of the crop, as well as a heavy consumer of it. If done in the fall, water well after planting, and the next year don't let it dry out. Both Sumac and Tree of Heaven are in flower in northeast Ohio, which in fact is one of the best ways to tell them apart. Transplanting: Transplanting is straight forward. Poison sumac leaflets have smooth margins and don’t have a winged main stem while non-poisonous sumacs may have serrations on the leaf margins and a winged main … Uncle Boopoo, Oct 23, 2011. Male flower panicles come out in June/July. (NOTE: If you are not interested in growing Staghorn and Smooth Sumac, but just finding the berries, try going to the Nature's Restaurant Online site Staghorn and Smooth Sumac page.). Messages: 7,925 Likes Received: Sumac’s dried, ground fruit is a common spice in Mediterranean and Middle Eastern cooking, and the dried berries can also be used to made a lemonade-like beverage. Seems like every time I find a tucked away patch of staghorn sumac in SLP, there's always deer sign. Cover around the new tree with about 5-7.5 cm (2-3 inches) of mulch. I've searched this site but can find no real answers to help me distinguish between the two. Though they are nearly identical in appearance and growing conditions, Rhus glabra is native across North America, including the Spokane region, while Rhus typhina is native only to the eastern half of the continent. Next, take the seeds and mix with some damp but not wet peat moss and put in a sealed freezer bag in the fridge - not freezer. Smooth sumac occurs in open woods, brushy areas along roadsides, and fencerows. This is a well regarded ornamental, and there are different cultivars of it available at nurseries. Leave for a month or so. Homemade Za’atar Pitas - Pita bread topped with a popular Middle Eastern spice … There isn't much else to do for them. Smooth sumac produces small green clusters of flowers in spring, which later in the year give way to bright-red berries that last all through the colder months. It doesn't matter which one - the Staghorn or Smooth Sumac, as they are the same from an eating perspective. Text Copyright Â© 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 David G. Mills. The thick branches are hairy and resemble the velvety antlers of a male deer (stag), hence the common name of “staghorn.” Clusters o… It has alternate, compound leaves, 16 to 24 inches long. Both can do well in soils that are a little acidic to neutral. Photo by Chris Earley. Large conical seedheads mature throughout the summer, arriving at a deep rust color by autumn.The contrast with the green foliage is stupendous, but even better is the brilliant orange-red fall color. It is one of the primary native woody nuisances that moves into prairies in Missouri, where its dense colonies eliminate other native species. The new growth has the purplish color. eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'wildfoodshomegarden_com-box-2','ezslot_4',103,'0','0'])); Search Wild Foods Home Garden & Nature's Restaurant Websites: Close up of perfect Staghorn Sumac berries (called drupes) on this cluster (called a panicle) ripe for picking (which I did with this one). Smooth sumac is known to shade and replace prairie plants and endangered species. Choosing the Right Patio Material for Your Landscape, Pacific Garden Design, 1508 South Chestnut Street, Spokane, WA, 99224, Plant Spotlight: Smooth Sumac and Staghorn Sumac. Geographic Distribution Winged sumac occurs in glades, upland prairies, savannas, openings of upland forests, and open disturbed areas. So I hate to pull young seedlings thinking they're the dreaded Tree of Heaven. smooth sumac: R. glabra: mature plants can be 20-35 feet: hairless stem: smooth leaflet blades: finely toothed, irregularly: no wings: staghorn sumac: R. typhina: mature plants can be 20-35 feet: long hairs on stem: smooth leaflet blades: finely toothed: no wings Staghorn sumac ( Rhus typhina ), at top, has fuzzy fruit and stems and is named “staghorn” because the fuzzy fruit spike resembles a stag’s horn in velvet. A staghorn sumac leaf will have at least 13 leaflets on it (usually more); a poison sumac leaf will have at most around 13 leaflets (usually fewer). They are unique looking shrubs, grow without maintenance,… You can also start it by seed or transplanting a small one. All Drawings Copyright Â© 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 David G. Mills except where noted. Make sure you know what a Poison Sumac (Toxicodendron vernix) looks like. All Photographs Copyright Â© 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 David G. Mills except where noted.*. The leaflets are narrowed or rounded at the base and sharply pointed at the tip with finely serrated edges. Other common regional names include red sumac, scarlet sumac, common sumac, and western sumac. Unique Stems and Twigs: Staghorn sumac has velvet (hairy) twigs and smooth sumac has no hair but instead a fine white powder that is easily removed when touched. The Smooth Sumac is also the better choice for drier conditions. Staghorn Sumac has leaves that have a hairy leaf stem and rachis, the stem that the leaflets are attached to. Sumac is high in vitamins A and C, as well as being full of antioxidants. Dwarf sumac can have the same number of leaflets as poison sumac, but the leaf stalk has “wings”, as show in figure 3, in keeping with its alternate name, winged sumac. You can see where the leaf was attached. The best soil is rich in organic matter, well drained and moist. Put the pot in a warm area away from direct sun. Eleven to 31 leaflets are arranged in opposite pairs along a stalk which grows 30 to 50 centimetres long. Rhus typhina's rust-colored seedheads persist through the winter for a striking visual display. Tree of Heaven is a favored host of Spotted Lantern Fly, Lycorma delicatula. The leaves are similar looking to the Staghorn Sumac, and especially the Smooth Sumac at first glance - they are compound leaves. Flowers bloom in June and July they are in dense panicles of greenish-red small five petaled flowers. The Staghorn and Smooth Sumac likes well drained hilly areas, though they are often by water - just not in standing water or soaked land. To differentiate poison sumac from other common sumacs, count the number of leaflets. The trunk is forked and spreading, which is the reason it provides such good cover for many animals. Rub the berries around with your hands, then let soak for about half an hour. Staghorn and smooth sumac both have long green stems containing more than 13 saw-toothed-edged leaves. I know that some Sumac turns red in … I absolutely LOVE most varieties of Sumac - staghorn, smooth whatever. Cut below the cluster with a sharp knife, pruners or sharp, strong scissors and take inside to use. The leaves are similar looking to the Staghorn Sumac, and especially the Smooth Sumac at first glance - they are compound leaves. The roots are shallow, so 20 cm (10 inches) deep is good enough. Seeds: You can start a Sumac from seed, but it is not just planting it in the ground. Edible Varieties of Sumac. This low-maintenance plant is a great addition to any garden it is also used in shelterbelts. They are pioneer plants and quickly spread by rhizomes to colonize erosion prone areas. Staghorn Sumac thickets provide shelter and food for many birds and mammals such as deer, moose, rabbits, grouse and pheasants. Sumac will take some shade, but prefers full sun, and has low water requirements. In a garden setting, sumac’s bare lower trunks offer architectural interest in spring and summer, while its feathery compound leaves create a dense screen of green foliage. Tagged: winter interest, wildlife value, native. Staghorn Sumac and smooth sumac are hiding in plain sight! The fragrant sumac is very similar, but has only 3 leaflets and yellow flowers (Kindscher 1987: 191). One of the best examples of such look-alikes is Ailanthus altissima (Tree-of-Heaven) and two native sumacs to the region, Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac) and Rhus glabra (smooth sumac). The ads on the site help cover the cost of maintaining the site and keeping it available. without written permission from the author. It is very similar to the more desireable staghorn sumac, but it has smooth rather than velvety bark. Some very nice rubs and beds too. (By: Mehmet Karatay CC BY-SA 3.0), These trees are very beautiful edible landscaping trees. Tree of Heaven, Ailanthus altissima and Staghorn Sumac, Rhus typhina, can be difficult to differentiate in the winter months. (By: Brosen CC BY-SA 3.0). This drink cuts thirst better than almost anything else. Distribution map courtesy of the USGS Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center, originally from "Atlas of United States Trees" by Elbert L. Little, Jr. . After, plant the seeds 3mm (1/8 inch) deep in a pot with potting soil, mist it until it is moist, cover with a clear plastic bag and put a rubber band around the bag and pot to seal in the moisture. Native Americans used … For lemonade I pick the good berries from each head, pour room-temp water over them, mash with a large spoon (I use a potato masher), and steep about … Rhus typhina, the staghorn sumac, is a species of flowering plant in the family Anacardiaceae, native to eastern North America. Don't bother with anything that looks like a Sumac if it is damp or wet in the area until you see the red berry clusters. Take the mix and pour into a clean coffee filter over a pot, or through a clean and well rinsed tea towel. The leaves of the three species differ slightly as well. Smooth Sumac has none of the hair on the leaves. Also called Sicilian sumac because it’s grown in southern Italy. Transplant in the spring into the ground and keep moist for the first season. Hello. It is primarily found in southeastern Canada, the northeastern and midwestern United States, and the Appalachian Mountains, but it is widely cultivated as an ornamental throughout the temperate world. Maintenance: This plant will spread readily by the roots and can take over an area by forming clonal colonies. There is significant variety in size and form in the genus, but Rhus glabra, smooth sumac, and Rhus typhina, staghorn sumac, are two of the larger forms that can be grown as small trees. A plastic chair over them would do well and let in the morning and evening sun. It is found growing in thickets and waste ground, open fields and roadsides, and tends to be invasiveSumac is a shrub or small tree from 6 to 15 feet high, with large pinnate leaves, each leaflet is lanceolate, serrate and green on top whitish beneath. This picture clearly shows why it is called the Staghorn - the fuzzy branch looks like a deer stag's antler - see the picture below this one. Uncle Boopoo, Oct 23, 2011. Oct 23, 2011 #6 . This large shrub has compound leaves, meaning each leaf is composed of several leaflets. (By: Richtid CC BY-SA 3.0), Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra) male flower panicle. The leaflets of poison sumac have smooth margins; those of staghorn sumac are toothed. Like anything you have never had before, make sure you have very little at first to make sure you aren't allergic. Smooth sumac ( Rhus glabra ), above, is smooth just like its name. The Staghorn and Smooth Sumac likes well drained hilly areas, … Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra) range. (By: Eike Wulfmeyer Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Generic), Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) male flower panicle at the early stage. Originally the content in this site was a book that was sold through Amazon worldwide. Once they have sprouted, take off the bag and mist to keep moist and grow in a bright, but not direct burning sun spot. The edible … Despite the name, poison sumac is included with species including poison oak and poison ivy in the Toxicodendron genus. The Poison Sumac has white, green or grey colored berries. The leaves on sumac are toothed and pinnately compound. The leaves are similar looking to the Staghorn Sumac, and especially the Smooth Sumac at first glance - they are compound leaves. Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) and the Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra). It is found in persistent upright clusters. In Missouri, staghorn sumac (introduced from states to our north and east) occurs along railroads, highways, and other open, disturbed areas. Sumac is a deciduous shrub native to North America found in all 48 mainland states of USA and in southern Canada. These leaflets hang down, have serrations (teeth) along the edges and turn a radiant red or orange in the fall. Put in a hole and cover with the soil from the hole mixed with composted manure or compost. Shining sumac ( Rhus copallina) is easily identified by its winged stems. Distribution map courtesy of the USGS Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center, originally from "Atlas of United States Trees" by Elbert L. Little, Jr. . Wild Foods Home Garden Logo Copyright Â© 2017 David G. Mills. The Poison Sumac likes very damp or wet land. Viburnums: Nannyberry, Highbush Cranberries & Others, USGS Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center, GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2, Interactive USDA distribution map and plant profile, The Biota of North America Program (BONAP) distribution map. Harvesting: In the late summer to early fall the clusters of berries will be bright red and ready to pick. If you plant in an area where it is mowed around, this will keep it in check. It has large shiny dark-green pinnate leaves, each with 9 to 27 leaflets arranged in a fern-like pattern. Note the smooth margin and presence of one or two glandular teeth at the base of the leaflets on Tree-of-Heaven. The most common non-poisonous sumac, staghorn sumac, bears bright orange or red berries which grow at the ends of the stems, and they are held upright on the stems. (By: Lubiesque CC BY-SA 3.0), Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) branch after leaves have fallen off. Between 60-100 cm (2-3 feet) high is about right. These will not turn into the edible berry clusters - those are female. However, on close inspections of stems, buds, fruit pods and trunk, you can tell the difference. Male flower panicles come out in June/July. The fruit of staghorn sumac is a red fuzzy droop, a fleshy fruit with thin skin and central stone containing the seed. After planting, cover the ground with mulch to help keep the soil moist. They are amazing plants for pollinators and overlooked by almost everyone! This and other species of true sumac usually grow in … If you find the mix you made too sharp, just dilute with cold water. The staghorn sumac plants produce a milky latex that will stain your clothes dark brown.
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